Original Research

Peace operations in Southern Africa: Challenges and prospects for the Southern African Development Community Standby Force

Emeka A. Ndaguba
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa | Vol 14, No 1 | a509 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v14i1.509 | © 2018 Emeka A. Ndaguba | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 October 2017 | Published: 11 September 2018

About the author(s)

Emeka A. Ndaguba, Institute of Development Assistance Management, University of Fort Hare, South Africa


The viability and operability of the Southern African Development Community Standby Force (SADCSF) is threatened by two principal factors: overdependence on foreign peacekeeping operations and inability of the SADCSF to fund its operations. The objective of this article is to explore the challenges and prospects that create a conducive environment in which the SADCSF in Southern Africa is able to intervene in peace operations and become financially viable. The methodology for gathering and analysing data for this study was based on secondary data sources, namely narrative analysis, systematic quantitative literature review, social constructivism and interpretivist approach, triangulation and thematic analysis. The findings of the article revealed that the SADCSF does not have a financial model for funding peace operations in the region. It also demonstrated financial inadequacies have consequently led to the inability of the Force to intervene in peace missions in Southern Africa. From the foregoing, it is evident that much still needs to be achieved for the SADCSF to possibly be operational, thus the identification of several indicators. The analyses from the article portray that, while much has been achieved, much more is yet to be realised in terms of fiscal viability, sustainability, responsibility and integration. It is recommended that an adequate monitoring group be established. It is also recommended that a planning commission be established for the SADCSF and that an adequate funding method be built based on each individual country’s ability to pay. Finally, a separate budget for funding peace operation should be established.


peace operation; SADCSF; peacekeeping operations; Southern Africa; economic integration


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