Original Research

Slow-onset disaster and sustainable livelihoods: the Vaal River in the vicinity of Parys

Gideon van Riet, Johann Tempelhoff
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa | Vol 5, No 1 | a147 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v5i1.147 | © 2009 Gideon van Riet, Johann Tempelhoff | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 March 2016 | Published: 04 April 2009

About the author(s)

Gideon van Riet, North West University’s Potchefstroom campus, South Africa
Johann Tempelhoff, Vaal Triangle Campus in Vanderbijlpark, South Africa

Full Text:

PDF (469KB)


This article is based on data gathered during a research project commissioned by the Fezile Dabi District Municipality in the northern part of South Africa’s Free State Province. The research team (which included the authors) was asked to investigate allegations of pollution of tap water, as well as sewage from the local wastewater treatment plant flowing into the Vaal River in the town of Parys on the banks of the Vaal River. The authors adopt a sustainable livelihoods approach in analysing data gathered by way of unstructured interviews in and around Parys in June–July 2008. They argue that actual and perceived levels of pollution are eroding various local livelihood assets and it is posited that the situation constitutes an unfolding slow-onset disaster. It is imperative that shocks such as sewerage spills and rumours of polluted potable water are addressed to ensure that these do not become long-term negative trends.


Water service delivery; Ngwathe Local Municipality; wastewater treatment; potable water supplies; Vredefort Dome World Heritage Site; Vaal River; Barrage; sustainable livelihoods; slow-onset disaster; fishing; farming; tourism


Total abstract views: 1962
Total article views: 758


Crossref Citations

1. Parasites as Biological Indicators: the Impact of Environmental Quality on the Infections of Lamproglena clariae (Crustacea) on Clarias gariepinus Along the Vaal River, South Africa
Marilie Pretorius, Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage
Biological Trace Element Research  vol: 200  issue: 6  first page: 2937  year: 2022  
doi: 10.1007/s12011-021-02899-5