Original Research

Psychological debriefing (PD) of trauma: a proposed model for Africa

E L Van Dyk, G AJ Van Dyk
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa | Vol 6, No 2 | a270 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v6i2.270 | © 2010 E L Van Dyk, G AJ Van Dyk | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 March 2016 | Published: 30 March 2010

About the author(s)

E L Van Dyk,, South Africa
G AJ Van Dyk, Stellenbosch University, Saldanha, South Africa

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Abstract

Africa is a continent with severe trauma. Traumatic events include experiences of child soldiers, people living in war and conflict zones, and people struggling with the HIV/AIDS pandemic. These events cause high levels of trauma. The trauma causes psychological disorders like post traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder and combat stress reaction, specific in the military environment.

This article focuses on a better understanding of the implications of trauma for military people and civilians. It discusses the different theories and models of psychological debriefing. Lastly the article discusses psychological debriefing models for military forces and the civil ian population to prevent severe psychopathology after traumatic incidents in Africa.


Keywords

Psychological debriefing; community health; social work; model for Africa

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