Original Research

Community knowledge and sustainable natural resources management: learning from the Monpa of Arunachal Pradesh

Ranjay K. Singh, Amish K. Sureja
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa | Vol 2, No 1 | a309 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v2i1.309 | © 2006 Ranjay K. Singh, Amish K. Sureja | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 March 2016 | Published: 11 April 2006

About the author(s)

Ranjay K. Singh, Central Agricultural University, India
Amish K. Sureja, Central Agricultural University, India

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Community knowledge and local institutions play a significant role in sustainable comanagement, use and conservation of natural resources. Looking to the importance of these resources, a project, funded by the National Innovation Foundation (NIF), Ahmedabad, India was implemented to document the community knowledge associated with agriculture and natural resources in few selected Monpa tribe dominating villages of West Kameng and Tawang Districts of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Dynamics of various indigenous practices, gender role, culture and informal rural social institutions, cultural edges significantly contribute in managing and using the natural resources sustainably. Experiential learning and location specific knowledge play a pivotal role in ecosystem sustainability. Study also indicates the synergistic relation existing between local knowledge and ecological edges, thereby helping in sustaining livelihood in high altitude. Indigenous resource management systems are not mere traditions but adaptive responses that have evolved over time.


Monpa tribe, natural resources management, pastoralist, biodiversity, local institutions, community knowledge, sustainability.


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