Original Research

Learning about the world: developing higher order thinking in music education

Jaco Kruger, Liesl van Merwe
The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa | Vol 8, No 1 | a6 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/td.v8i1.6 | © 2012 Jaco Kruger, Liesl van Merwe | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 February 2016 | Published: 31 July 2012

About the author(s)

Jaco Kruger, School of Music, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa
Liesl van Merwe, School of Music, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa

Full Text:



Innovative thinking is an innate human capacity geared towards adaptation and survival. Theories of education accordingly aim at developing teaching-learning strategies that promote creative, problem-solving reasoning referred to as higher order thinking. This essay briefly explains some of the assumptions underlying this concept, and then suggests how they may be reconfigured in a strategy suitable for education in and through music. The strategy involves a basic process of analysis, evaluation and creativity related to actual social experience. Higher order thinking therefore aims to equip learners with the capacity to synthesise relationships in and beyond particular fields of study so that their thinking may expand into the concreteness of the world.

Keywords: social challenges, higher order thinking, education, music education, culture contact, Frère Jacques

Disciplines: Disciplines: education, music education, musicology, history, anthropology, folklore studies, philosophy of art


social challenges; higher order thinking; education; music education; culture contact; Frère Jacques


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